Life more extensive use of plastics , plastic classification and application in furniture and interior decoration , there are many .

1, plastic properties and uses

Type of plastic range of different functions , our life plastic products exist everywhere . Currently plastics are constantly expanding range of applications , and many new products were developed by plastic and applied to product production. Plastic with easy processing , low cost , variety , etc., in the furniture and interior decoration has a place , and the position is being constantly improved. We should be concerned about dynamics of plastic, timely application of new materials design new products.

Refers to a plastic resin ( polymerizable monomer or directly ) as a main component , with a plasticizer , a filler , a lubricant, a coloring agent as an auxiliary component , to flow in the process of forming the high molecular organic material than that . “Plastic” that is referred to as the plastic material .

Plastics and thermosetting plastics can be divided into two categories of thermoplastics , thermosetting plastics such as eggs , once cured by heating , and then heating the melt is the same soft ; thermoplastic and can be repeatedly heated and melted by heating waxy , cools and hardens .

2 , application and development plastic packaging design of new pvc tray plastics

2.1 nano-composite plastic

Nanocomposite plastics refers to nanoscale inorganic filler dispersed in the plastic matrix is formed nanocomposite . Nano-composite plastic with excellent performance on a variety of plastic products development plays a very important role . Currently the extensive use of various household appliances plastic parts , basic metal replaced by plastic material and is being developed by the ordinary plastic nano plastic to functionality, while furniture and interior decoration industry did not keep pace with the home appliance industry . We need to learn more about nano- composite plastic performance and features in a timely manner in the industry, product design and production . Currently there are very few foreign research reports in clear plastic packaging this regard , which is the focus of our attention. For example , the use of antibacterial plastic nanotechnology R & D in the furniture and interior decoration industry has a good value.

Antibacterial plastic refers to a plastic having antibacterial properties itself , the plastic can be stained kill bacteria and inhibit bacterial growth in a certain time . This plastic is the use of nanotechnology, Nano added a small amount of inorganic antimicrobial agent obtained efficient antibacterial plastic in plastic . Currently used in household appliances such as refrigerator door handles , door lining and other components, washing machine antibacterial stainless steel tube , antibacterial wash pump clamshell packaging impeller antibacterial washing machine parts and medical electrical plastic packaging box equipment such as plastic parts , such as topical . Taking into account the reasons for the relatively high cost of this material , we can put it in the plastic box design door handles , seats with armrests , table desk , toilet and so easy to contaminated areas , or research and development of ” nano- composite plastic timber .” In short , nano- composite plastic furniture and interior decoration will be a very good development prospects.

2.2 retardant plastic

Refers to a plastic having flame retardant properties . In hotels, restaurants, office buildings and other public works in interior design , fire is a basic requirement. Currently, the flame-retardant plastic has made ??interior doors, windows, including the mouth and various moldings, etc. , and the formation of industrial production , the surface can imitate a variety of wood products , cheaper prices. However, the flame-retardant plastic in furniture and interior decoration products, has not been a large number of applications , which indicates retardant plastic space development in this area is still very large .

2.3 Intelligent Plastics

Intelligent Plastics is able to perceive and receive information refers to the external environment , such as sound, light, electricity, magnetism , pH , temperature, force, etc. , and can automatically change its shape according to environmental changes , respond to a new class of polymer materials . This is a study of American and Japanese scientists a few years ago . Plastic also has intelligent sensing, control and drive triple function, it can through its own perception, information processing , issue commands and perform and complete the action , so as to achieve self-test , self-diagnosis, self- control, self- correcting , self- modified function.

Many types of plastic intelligent shape memory plastic SMP (Shape-memoryplastics) is one of them . Shape-memory plastic deformation means the products after an initial shape is fixed by the response parameters ( heating , lighting , electric field, pH , etc. ) of stimulation, but also to restore the original shape of a class of polymer materials. Currently used in medical splints , wound dressing , coating or liner material , fastening pins, toys, cars with ease ; the protective cover and so on . We can apply it to furniture and interior decoration which make use of previously existing materials and processes can not be manufactured out of shape, can now be done using shape memory plastics , can also use it to assist in the production of more new furniture.

Can automatically repair cracks intelligent plastics , uniformly mixed in a resin matrix within a specially marked with a special resin ultrafine capsules , and then with the production molding. This has its own built- chemical catalytic plastic packaging polymerization microcrystalline ability , once the damage occurs , it will activate a special resin, the resin begins to soften automatically becomes viscous liquid injection and filling cracks or holes in and gradually solidified , automatic repair damaged parts . Intelligent automatic repair cracks in the plastic is ideal for the production of special parts of furniture and interior decoration , for example: the desktop easily damaged parts , doors , decorative wire angle. If the plastic production process further simplify , we can produce self “healing ” of furniture , no longer afraid to knock beloved furniture is encountered , do not be afraid of the children in the chaos carved furniture scratched the surface of chaos .

2.4 Anti -noise plastic

U.S. scientists have recently developed a hollow plastic ball material used in the construction noise abatement , and building this house can be made ??soundproof , so that families without outside interference , keep quiet state. By a number of hollow plastic pellets composed of plastic building materials , can suppress noise. When sound waves hitting the ball wrapped very tight , it causes vibrations ball up into different frequencies and to eliminate noise. These pellets will be converted into energy of noise , so that the wall made ??of plastic having a heating effect .

In our real life, plastic furniture , plastic decorative materials and other plastic products, has been used for many years , but is still stuck in the traditional sense . Like plastic dining table, chairs, plastic file boxes, file shelving , plastic storage bins, plastic drawers , plastic windows plastic trays and doors , etc., such as plastics can be applied to new functional modern furniture design and interior design, to give the product with new features meaning, the future is ambitious , which requires multi-disciplinary , multi-disciplinary collaborative research .

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